How much sleep is enough?
- Infants typically need about 16 hours a day.
- Teenagers require about nine hours a day.
- Adults should average seven or eight hours a day.
Not getting enough sleep or getting too much sleep can have negative effects on your health in both the short and long term. There are numerous problems and factors that can lead to sleep problems and the quality of your sleep.
Long term sleep problems can cause numerous, serious medical illnesses, including high blood pressure, heart attack and heart failure, stroke, obesity, depression, attention deficit disorder, mental impairment, growth retardation for fetuses and children, and poor quality of life. If you have a sleep disorder, you are not alone. Approximately 40 million Americans suffer from chronic, long-term sleep disorders annually and another 20 million experience occasional sleep problems.
Types of Sleep Disorders
The ever-growing field of sleep medicine is constantly evolving as more research is being conducted to better understand the symptoms, causes, and best treatments for sleep disorders that affect millions of people everyday. Organizations such as the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) have been researching sleep disorders since the 1970’s and have come to classify sleep disorders in the following 6 categories.
Sleep-related breathing disorders
Central disorders of hypersomnolence
Circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders
Sleep-related movement disorders
Within the six categories that have been created by the AASM there are over 80 sleep disorders that someone could be suffering from. Some of these disorders include narcolepsy, sleep apnea, shift work disorder, circadian rhythm disorder, sleep walking, sleep talking, restless leg syndrome and sleep related cramps to name a few.
Types of Studies
Some of the more common sleep studies that exist today are as follows:
- Actigraphy is a test that involves wearing a device that is similar to a watch and measures movement. Shows doctors when you are active and when you are sleeping to help determine if you have a disorder associated with shifts at work that could be affecting your circadian rhythm (body clock)
- Maintenance of wakefulness test (MWT) - measures if you can stay awake during a time when you are normally awake
- Multiple sleep latency test (MSLT) - measures how long it takes you to fall asleep and determines if you enter REM sleep
- Polysomnogram measures a variety of body movements including brain activity, eye movement, oxygen and carbon dioxide blood levels, heart rate and rhythm, and a variety of other movements during your sleep
Although many sleep studies are done in a sleep lab, some studies can be done at home with portable equipment given to you by your healthcare provider.
Sleep Disorder Lab
Our sleep centers are dedicated to providing you with personalized service in a hotel-like environment. Our sleep professionals will make every effort to ensure your experience is surprisingly pleasant. The sleep centers offer a luxurious bed, fine linens, plush robes and other amenities.
Restful sleep is very important to one’s health – not too much or too little sleep, but just the right amount. However, many people have serious sleep disorders that interfere with their ability to initiate or maintain sleep – or cause them to have excessive daytime sleepiness. These disorders stem from a wide variety of causes and affect all types of people at all ages. The Sleep Laboratory can provide comprehensive sleep monitoring to aid in the diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders.